GMAT

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 Примеры заданий 

Струкрура GMAT

 

Экзамен GMAT состоит из двух основных секций (Quantitative Reasoning и Verbal Reasoning) и двух дополнительных секций (Integrated Reasoning и Analytical Writing Assessment)

Все задания GMAT выполняются на компьютере. Секции Quantitative и Verbal используют принцип адаптивного тестирования. 

Quantitative Reasoning

 

Математическая секция
31 задание, 62 минуты.  

Типы заданий:

  • Problem Solving

  • Data Sufficiency

Секция определяет способность кандидата анализировать количественные данные и делать на основе анализа выводы.

Секция содержит два типа заданий:

Problem Solving

 

Инструкция к заданию:

Solve the problem and indicate the best of the answer choices given

Пример задания:

A certain roller coaster has 3 cars, and a passenger is equally likely to ride in any 1 of the 3 cars each time that passenger rides the roller coaster.  If a certain passenger is to ride the roller coaster 3 times, what is the probability that the passenger will ride in each of the 3 cars?

(A)  0

(B)  1/9

 

(C)  2/9

 

(D)  1/3

 

(E)  1

Ответ: (С)

Data Sufficiency

 

Инструкция к заданию:

This data sufficiency problem consists of a question and two statements, labeled (1) and (2), in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question. Using the data given in the statements, plus your knowledge of mathematics and everyday facts (such as the number of days in July or the meaning of the word counterclockwise), you must indicate whether:

  • Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked.

  • Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked.

  • BOTH statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question asked, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked.

  • EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked.

  • Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data specific to the problem are needed.

Пример задания:

If x and y are positive, is 4x > 3y?

(1)   x > y - x

(2)   x/y < 1

(A)  Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.

(B)  Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.

(C)  BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D)  EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E)  Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

Ответ: (E)

Verbal Reasoning

 

Языковая секция
36 заданий, 65 минут.  

Типы заданий:

  • Sentence Correction

  • Critical Reasoning

  • Reading Comprehension

Секция определяет способность кандидатов читать и понимать письменный материал, оценивать аргументы и определять ошибки в предложениях в соответствии со стандартами письменного английского языка. 

Секция содержит три типа заданий:

Sentence Correction

 

Инструкция к заданию:

This question presents a sentence, part of which or all of which is underlined. Beneath the sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. The first of these repeats the original; the other four are different. If you think the original is best, choose the first answer; otherwise choose one of the others.

This question tests correctness and effectiveness of expression. In choosing your answer, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, and sentence construction. Choose the answer that produces the most effective sentence; this answer should be clear and exact, without awkwardness, ambiguity, redundancy, or grammatical error.

Пример задания:

During her presidency of the short-lived Woman’s State Temperance Society (1852-1853), Elizabeth Cady Stanton, as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be made sufficient cause for divorce.

 

(A) as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be
 

(B) as she was a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by her suggestion of drunkenness being

(C) in being a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, had scandalized many of her most ardent supporters with the suggestion of drunkenness being

(D) a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by suggesting that drunkenness be

(E) a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, she scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in suggesting that drunkenness should be

Ответ: (D)

Critical Reasoning

 

Инструкция к заданию:

For this question, select the best of the answer choices given.

Пример задания:

In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years.  Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.

(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.

(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.

(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.

(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

Ответ: (D)

Reading Comprehension

 

Инструкция к заданию:

The questions in this group are based on the content of a passage. After reading the passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following the passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.

Пример задания:

      Recently biologists have been interested in a tide-associated periodic behavior displayed by the diatom Hantzschia virgata, a microscopic golden-brown alga that inhabits that portion of a shoreline washed by tides (the intertidal zone). Diatoms of this species, sometimes called “commuter” diatoms, remain burrowed in the sand during high tide, and emerge on the sand surface during the daytime low tide. Just before the sand is inundated by the rising tide, the diatoms burrow again.  Some scientists hypothesize that commuter diatoms know that it is low tide because they sense an environmental change, such as an alteration in temperature or a change in pressure caused by tidal movement.  However, when diatoms are observed under constant conditions in a laboratory, they still display periodic behavior, continuing to burrow on schedule for several weeks. This indicates that commuter diatoms, rather than relying on environmental cues to keep time, possess an internal pacemaker or biological clock that enables them to anticipate periodic changes in the environment. A commuter diatom has an unusually accurate biological clock, a consequence of the unrelenting environmental pressures to which it is subjected; any diatoms that do not burrow before the tide arrives are washed away.

      This is not to suggest that the period of this biological clock is immutably fixed.  Biologists have concluded that even though a diatom does not rely on the environment to keep time, environmental factors—including changes in the tide’s hydrostatic pressure, salinity, mechanical agitation, and temperature—can alter the period of its biological clock according to changes in the tidal cycle.  In short, the relation between an organism’s biological clock and its environment is similar to that between a wristwatch and its owner:  the owner cannot make the watch run faster or slower, but can reset the hands.  However, this relation is complicated in intertidal dwellers such as commuter diatoms by the fact that these organisms are exposed to the solar-day cycle as well as to the tidal cycle, and sometimes display both solar-day and tidal periods in a single behavior. Commuter diatoms, for example, emerge only during those low tides that occur during the day.

The passage suggests which of the following about the accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock?

 

(A)  The accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock varies according to changes in the tidal cycle.

(B)  The unusual accuracy that characterizes the commuter diatom’s biological clock is rare among intertidal species.

(C)  The commuter diatom’s biological clock is likely to be more accurate than the biological clock of a species that is subject to less intense environmental pressures.

(D)  The commuter diatom’s biological clock tends to be more accurate than the biological clocks of most other species because of the consistency of the tidal cycle.

(E) The accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock tends to fluctuate when the diatom is observed under variable laboratory conditions.

Ответ: (С)

Analytical Writing Assessment

Секция аналитического письма
1 сочинение, 30 минут.  

Секция определяет способность кандидата мыслить критически и эффективно выражать идеи на письме..

Секция содержит одно задание (написание аналитического сочинения):

Пример задания:

The following appeared in a memorandum to the work-group supervisors of the GBS Company:

 

“The CoffeeCart beverage and food service located in the lobby of our main office building is not earning enough in sales to cover its costs, and so the cart may discontinue operating at GBS. Given the low staff morale, as evidenced by the increase in the number of employees leaving the company, the loss of this service could present a problem, especially since the staff morale questionnaire showed widespread dissatisfaction with the snack machines. Therefore, supervisors should remind the employees in their group to patronize the cart—after all, it was leased for their convenience so that they would not have to walk over to the cafeteria on breaks.”

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. 

You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.

Integrated Reasoning

Секция интегрированного рассуждения
12 заданий, 30 минут.  

Типы заданий:

  • Multi-Source Reasoning

  • Table Analysis

  • Graphics Interpretation

  • Two-Part Analysis

Секция определяет способность кандидата анализировать данные и оценивать информацию, представленную в разных форматах (текстовом, цифровом, в виде таблиц, графиков, диаграм).

Секция содержит четыре типа заданий: Multi-Source Reasoning, Table Analysis, Graphics Interpretation и Two-Part Analysis. Выполнение заданий требует применение навыков математического и вербального рассуждения (отдельно или вместе). Многие задания секции предполагают несколько правильных ответов. Задание будет считаться выполненным, если кандидат правильно ответит на все поставленные вопросы. Во время выполнения заданий секции можно пользоваться онлайн-калькулятором.

Multi-Source Reasoning

Задания этого типа определяют способность кандидата понимать и анализировать данные из нескольких источников (тексты, таблицы, графики или их комбинация). Некоторые задания будут содержать противоречия в данных, представленных в разных источниках. Другие задания требуют от кандидата сделать обоснованные предположения или определить необходимость использования данных для выбора правильного ответа.

Table Analysis

Задания этого типа определяют способность кандидата работать с данными, представленными в формате таблицы. Интерфейс задания позволяет сортировать данные в отдельных колонках (также как это можно сделать в электронных таблицах).

 

Graphics Interpretation

Задания этого типа определяют способность кандидата работать с информацией, представленной в виде графиков, схем, диаграмм, в том числе устанавливать взаимосвязи между отдельными частями графика, схемы или диаграммы и делать обоснованные выводы на основе представленных данных.

 

Two-Part Analysis

Задания этого типа определяют способность кандидата решать сложные задачи с использованием количественных или текстовых данных. Формат заданий может быть разным и зависит от контента.

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Отзывы и рекомендации студентов TestVerbal

GMAT я сдала на 650 баллов, что для себя считаю хорошим результатом, учитывая, что начинала я с 450.

Лидия Борисова, менеджер

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Самым ярким свидетельством эффективности методики занятий является мое успешное поступление в INSEAD в 2013 году.

Константин Родченко, владелец бизнеса

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