GRE

Vocabulary-GRE-5.png

Примеры заданий

Струкрура GRE

 

Экзамен  состоит из трех частей (Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning и Analytical Wrting)- 

Все задания GRE выполняются на компьютере. Секции Verbal и Quantitative используют принцип адаптивного тестирования. 

Verbal Reasoning

 

Вербальная секция
20 задание, 30 минут  

Типы заданий:

  • Reading Comprehension

  • Text Completion

  • Sentence Equivalence

Секция Verbal Reasoning определяет способность кандидата
 

  • анализировать информацию и делать выводы, рассуждать на основе неполных данных, определять позицию и предположения автора, понимать смыслы на уровне буквального и образного восприятия, а также определять намерение автора
     

  • определять важные идеи, выделять главные и второстепенные идеи, обобщать текст, понимать структуру текста
     

  • понимать значение слов, предложений и целого текста, понимать взаимосвязи между словами и идеями

Секция содержит три типа заданий:

Reading Comprehension

Пример задания:

     It has long been recognized that English is one language with two major national dialects: British and American. Of the two, British English has enjoyed a reputation as being the more correct and prestigious dialect. This reputation is based on two claims: Britain is the geographic area where English developed, and British English is “purer” than American English. About the first claim there can be little argument; however, all evidence points to the contrary of the second claim: in grammar, pronunciation, and, to a lesser extent, vocabulary, American English is closer than British English to the language spoken in England prior to the 18th century.

     Linguists have noted the tendency of people to be linguistically conservative when isolated from their mother tongue. This phenomenon can be observed in the Icelanders’ retention of characteristics lost in other Scandinavian languages. The same is true of American English, as can be seen in the retention of the past participle “gotten,” abandoned in modern British English. Finally, if we accept the notion that the purest form of a language is that spoken by the upper classes, it is reasonable to assume that Americans had excellent speech models, for the greatest percentage of British immigrants to America were well-spoken members of the educated classes.

     Even today American English resembles present standard British English more closely than it resembles any other of the local British dialects; the major difference, perhaps, lies only in the degree of purity.

The primary purpose of this passage is to
 

(A)  show the development of the English language since the 18th century
 

(B)  argue that American English is purer than British English
 

(C)  explain, by example, how people tend to be linguistically conservative when isolated from their mother country
 

(D)  outline the major dialectical differences between American English and British English
 

(E)  encourage the use of pure English by all English-speaking people

Ответ: (B)

Select a sentence in the passage in which the author provides a grammatical example to support the claim that American English is closer than modern British English to 18th-century British English.

Ответ: The same is true of American English, as can be seen in the retention of the past participle “gotten,” abandoned in modern British English.

Text Completion

 

Инструкция

For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

Примеры заданий:

Mona’s writings sometimes vacillate dramatically between unbounded cheerfulness during happier times and more ____________ ruminations when her mood darkens.​

(A)  pensive
 

(B)  morose
 

(C)  ebullient
 

(D)  ambivalent
 

(E)  concise

Ответ: (B)

The critics were so ____________ in their ____________ that Scheinhauer, a librettist known to become squeamish after a light smattering of applause, retreated from public view.

Blank (i)                                              Blank (ii)

(A)  merciless                                     (D) praise

(B)  fulsome                                       (E) condemnation 
         
(C)  opaque                                        (F) derision

Ответ: (B, D)

Sentence Equivalence

 

Инструкция

Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning.

Пример задания:

Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as __________.

(A)  orthodox
 

(B)  eccentric


(C)  original

 

(D)  trifling

 

(E)  conventional

 

(F)  innovative

Ответ: (C, F)

Quantitative Reasoning

 

Математическая секция
20 заданий, 35 минут  

Типы заданий:

  • Quantitative Comparison Questions

  • Multiple-choice Questions — Select One Answer Choice

  • Multiple-choice Questions — Select One or More Answer Choices

  • Numeric Entry Questions

Секция Quantitative Reasoning определяет способность кандидата
 

  • понимать, интерпретировать и анализировать математическую информацию
     

  • решать задачи, используя математические модели
     

  • применять базовые навыки и знания арифметики, алгебры, геометрии и анализа данных

 

При выполнении заданий математической секции можно пользоваться экранным калькулятором.

Quantitative Comparison Questions

 

Инструкция

Compare Quantity A and Quantity B, using additional information centered above the two quantities if such information is given, and select one of the following four answer choices

.

(A)  Quantity A is greater.

(B)  Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

A symbol that appears more than once in a question has the same meaning throughout the question

Пример задания:

Quantity A                         Qunatity B

x2 + 1                                2x - 1

(A)  Quantity A is greater.

(B)  Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

Ответ: (A)

Multiple Choice Questions - Select One Answer Choice

 

Инструкция

Select one answer choice.

Пример задания:

The figure above shows the graph of the function f defined by  for all numbers x. For which of the following functions g, defined for all numbers x, does the graph of g intersect the graph of f ?

(A)  g(x) = x - 2

(B)  g(x) = x + 3

(C)  g(x) = 2x - 2

(D)  g(x) = 2x + 3

(E)  g(x) = 3x - 2

Ответ: (E)

Multiple Choice Questions - Select One or More Answer Choices

 

Инструкция

Select one or more answer choices according to the specific question directions. If the question does not specify how many answer choices to select, select all that apply. The correct answer may be just one of the choices or as many as all of the choices, depending on the question. No credit is given unless you select all of the correct choices and no others. If the question specifies how many answer choices to select, select exactly that number of choices. A symbol that appears more than once in a question has the same meaning throughout the question

Пример задания:

Each employee of a certain company is in either Department X or Department Y, and there are more than twice as many employees in Department X as in Department Y. The average (arithmetic mean) salary is $25,000 for the employees in Department X and $35,000 for the employees in Department Y. Which of the following amounts could be the average salary for all of the employees of the company?

Indicate all such amounts

.

(A)  $26,000

(B)  $28,000

(C)  $29,000

 

(D)  $30,000

 

(E)  $31,000

 

(F)  $32,000

 

(G)  $34,000

Ответ: (A) and (B)

Numeric Entry Questions

 

Инструкция

Enter your answer as an integer or a decimal if there is a single answer box OR as a fraction if there are two separate boxes — one for the numerator and one for the denominator.

Equivalent forms of the correct answer, such as 2.5 and 2.50, are all correct. Fractions do not need to be reduced to lowest terms, though you may need to reduce your fraction to fit in the boxes. Enter the exact answer unless the question asks you to round your answer.

Пример задания:

A university admitted 100 students who transferred from other institutions. Of these students, 34 transferred from two-year community colleges, 25 transferred from private four-year institutions, and the rest transferred from public four-year institutions. If two different students are to be selected at random from the 100 students, what is the probability that both students selected will be students who transferred from two-year community colleges?

Give your answer as a fraction

___/___

Ответ: 17/150 (or any equivalent fraction)

Analytical Writing

 

Секция аналитического писма
2 задания (сочинения), 60 минут (30 минут на каждое сочинение)  

Типы заданий:

  • Analyze an Issue

  • Analyze an Argument

Секция Analytical Writing определяет способность кандидата
 

  • артикулировать сложные идеи ясно и эффективно
     

  • аргументировать выводы уместными доводами и примерами
     

  • анализировать утверждения и доказательства
     

  • поддерживать логически выдержанную дискуссию, сфокусированную на теме
     

  • применять на практике знания стандартного письменного английского языка

Analyze and Issue

 

Пример задания:

“Many assert that individuals allowed to work flexible schedules at home will be both more productive and happier than colleagues working under more traditional arrangements. Others assert that the close supervision of an office workplace is necessary to ensure productivity and quality control and to maintain morale.”

Which argument do you find more compelling, the case for flexible work conditions or the opposing viewpoint? Explain your position using relevant reasons or examples drawn from your own experience, observations, or reading.

Analyze and Argument

 

Пример задания:

Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

2-square-gre.jpg

1/4
test preparation center moscow

ООО "Эдвансд Дидактикс"
г. Москва, Нижний Сусальный пер., 5, стр. 19

Офисный центр "Деловой", офис 330

GMAT, GRE, SAT, SSAT, ACT, TOEFL - зарегистрированные торговые знаки их законных обладателей.